Partnership of Historic Bostons
 

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 Arbella

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printable program.

BOSTON

CHARTER DAY

 

SEPTEMBER 7 – OCTOBER 25, 2014

 

 

Srvival:

Boston 1630

 

A commemoration of the naming of

Boston & Dorchester & Watertown

September 7, 1630

 

 

 

PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS

 

The Bostonian Society

Congregational Library

Dorchester Historical Society

First Church in Boston

Historical Society of Watertown

National Park Service

New England Historic

Genealogical Society

Winthrop Society

On April 8, 1630, prominent members of the Rev. John Cotton’s congregation of St. Botolph’s Church, set sail on board the “Arbella” for New England.  Under their chosen leader John Winthrop, they established the Massachusetts Bay Colony and realized their Vision of founding a “City upon a Hill”. 

The Partnership of the Historic Bostons, Inc.

 

BOSTON CHARTER DAY

What is Boston Charter Day ? 


During the 1620s, the two main settlements in modern-day Massachusetts were Plymouth and Salem. The area in between was sparsely populated. What we now know as Boston was called Shawmut by the Native Americans and Trimountaine by the colonists. William Blackstone (or Blaxton), an agent for Robert Gorges, was its sole white inhabitant. Blackstone was a graduate of Emmanuel College, Cambridge University and the roommate of Isaac Johnson, the primary investor in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Johnson married Lady Arbella Clinton-Fiennes, sister of the the 4th Earl of Lincoln.

In 1630, a Puritan fleet of 11 ships with nearly 1,000 passengers sailed for New England. Their flagship was the Arbella, named after Lady Arbella, and their leader was Governor John Winthrop. Midway through the voyage, Winthrop made his famous speech: “We must be knit together in this work as one man, … we must delight in each other, make others’ conditions our own, rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer together … for we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill, the eyes of all people are upon us.” With this ringing charge, the fleet landed … at Salem.

The settlers soon found that Salem was in no condition to take on another thousand residents. Food was scarce, so the new colonists moved down the coast. Because of abysmal living conditions, 200 had died by the time the group reached modern-day Charlestown. Meanwhile, Native Americans had told Blackstone of the settlers’ suffering. Blackstone, who made use of a pure spring on Trimountaine, saw that access to clean water would vastly improve the Puritans’ condition. He made contact with Isaac Johnson and told him the group needed no second bidding to move across the river to Trimountaine.

Many of the Puritan settlers had come from Boston in Lincolnshire, England, a port city that would contribute ten percent of its population – including five future Governors – to Massachusetts. One Bostonian, Thomas Dudley, who served as steward to the Earl of Lincoln and latter became Governor of the Massachusset Bay Colony, suggested that Trimountaine be renamed after the English city. The Court agreed, and on September 7, 1630, the new town of Boston came officially into existence as the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

The name Boston itself comes from a 7th-century monk named St. Botulph or Botolph. Botulph, whose name means “boat helper,” opened a monastery at what may have been the future location of Boston, Lincolnshire. Whether the monastery was there or elsewhere, the church in Boston attained the name of St. Botolph’s, and it is probable that “Boston” is a shortening of “Botolph’s town".

Massachusetts was soon established as the nucleus of the rapidly growing colony. The town’s humble origins became lost in its rapid growth as William Blackstone sought the refuge of the wilderness and moved on to what is now the town of Blackstone on the Rhode Island border. Yet the names of Tremont Street (for Trimountaine) and St. Botolph Street serve as a reminder that Boston’s early legacy is still with us today.

 

The first Boston Charter Day celebration took place on September 7, 2001 when the Massachusetts Historical Society and the Rappaport Institute hosted a panel discussion at the MHS in Boston. At the event, Governor Jane M. Swift issued an official proclamation naming September 7 “Boston Charter Day.” Speakers included the Reverend Peter Gomes of Harvard University, Professor Thomas O’Connor of Boston College, and Professor Will Holton of Northeastern University [Click here for proclamation]

  

Voyage of the Arbella April 8 - June 12, 1630

 

On July 24, 2013, HRH Princess Anne dedicated

The Puritan Path,

at St. Botolph’s Church in Boston, Lincolnshire, UK, commemorating twelve of the men and women of John Cotton's congregation who sailed to the New World

between 1630 and 1634.

I came into

 this Country where I found a new World and new manners at which my heart rose.

Anne Dudley Bradstreet

1612 ~ 1672

 

2014 BOSTON CHARTER DAY EVENTS

All events are free.  Donations accepted

 [Click on Date for Details]

 

“Ringing of Bells to Commemorate the Naming of

Boston, Dorchester & Watertown

Downtown Boston - corner Wasington & School Streets 

4:30 p.m.

 

“Boston Founders Trail

Walking Tour:   -     4:35 p.m.
 
20 person limit per tour

Tour starts at Reader's Park across from Old State House, 314 Washington Street

 

 
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10  The Things They Left Behind:
 3 Lives in Colonial Boston

Congregational Library

12:00 p.m. – Program

 

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 19 

“Survival: Boston 1630

Walking Tour:   -     5:30 p.m.
 

“Crime and Punishment

 in Early Boston

Walking Tour:   -     10:00 a.m.

 

“Survival: Boston 1630

Walking Tour:   -     2:00 p.m.

 
20 person limit per tour

Tours start at the gate in front of the main steps of the Massachusetts State House,

24 Beacon Street

 

“Charter Day Sabbath Gathering”

The First Church in Boston

11:00 a.m. to Noon – Nondenominational Service

 

“Boston Founders Trail

Walking Tour:   -     1:00 p.m.
Starting from The First Church in Boston

 

“Starting from Scratch: 

How 400 Survivors Created the City on a Hill”

The Old State House

7:00 p.m. – Program

 

“Tools Survival:

Ironworks on the Saugus”

Saugus Iron works

10:30 a.m. – Tour & Program
 

“In Search of Livelihoods: 

Researching Occupations in Early New England”

New England Historic Genealogical Society

10:00 a.m. – Lecture